Death Penalty Dilemma
The use of capital punishment is one of the most controversial issues that is incessantly exerting pressure on the modern America. The United States is among the few democratic nations that still has the death penalty. During the last years, politicians, scientists, and judges as well as the whole society have become concerned about the death penalty in the U.S. The issue of capital punishment has been a fundamental point of discussions and debates in recent years. Following the views of contemporaries, capital punishment is a justified and valid form of punishment that is taken in regard to the science of human rights and law for various causes. Nowadays, everyone strives to reach a quick solution to the most controversial issue since felonies are obvious actions of the social life, and any individual feels the danger of it. Deterrence is the basic argument in favor of the death row. The supporters agree if murderers are being found guilty of criminal acts, their own lives are wasted. Death row is the most reasonable method of punishment since it gives a chance to rescue millions of lives and helps to ensure security and moral values of modern society.
The death penalty is the execution of a condemned criminal by the state as a strict and cruel penalty for the committed felonies. Capital punishment has been executed since ancient times to the contemporary era. The main point is to punish offenders who were convicted of murders and horrible criminal acts. The American Department of Justice supports the following point: the death penalty should be immediately assigned to the cruelest felonies (“Death Penalty Statistics”). They believe that the majority of criminals will return to society, committing next crimes; thus, they need to be harshly punished. Taking into consideration opinions of supporters, the main goal of the entire felonious justice system is to guarantee protection of human rights and liberty. There is such viewpoint that a death penalty forces offenders to pay for the crime, and it will force them to stop killing. Offenders should think twice before committing crimes, which are punishable by the death penalty.
However, the punishment may be shorter if a judge provides a criminal with life imprisonment. In this case, an offender can be released from prison much earlier. Otherwise, the prisoner can stay in jail much longer if there is no parole. Today, felons do not care and fear the judgment. Moreover, they know that they will not die. The supporters agree that the harsh and cruel punishment is an efficient and perfect tool to insure justice to the wrongful acts of all human beings. The proponents indicate a fact that the death penalty as a criminal payment for murders is a precise way to guarantee justice to all the negative actions, and this is a final incapacitation for any offender (Murtagh).
The death penalty is an important and rational practice of keeping offenders from committing subsequent felonies since the majority of criminals do not follow the rules of the national judicial system. Thus, capital punishment should remain in usage (Gibson). Undoubtedly, if killers are dead, they can never insult innocent and unprotected people again. The experience of ancient civilizations describes the effectiveness of death row since it will be more rational to use capital punishment than sustain the prisoners in jail. The argument is the following: offenders’ content in prison demands millions of dollars of the citizens’ taxes.
From the other side, the critics of death row are frank and fierce in their arguments of its resistance. They believe that capital punishment does not impede felonies, and the life cessation will be a stricter penalty. The opponents refer to the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that forbids unusual and cruel punishment (Bedeau). The humanists dispute about cases when a harmless person can be mistakenly accused and jailed. The critics claim that the execution of guiltless individuals is an essential reason for abolishing death row.
Discrimination is the next viewpoint against death row. According to NAACP LDF Death Row, USA, Gallup Poll, and Bureau of Justice Statistics, fifteen percent of all victims are black, and seventy six percent are white. Thus, the ratio is almost 5:1. Talking about the accused inmates, thirty five percent are black, and fifty six percent of all executed defendants are white (“Death Penalty Statistics”). The critics of capital punishment argue that the system values lives of white accused more than the black ones. It is important to note that the prosperous charge does not depend on the race of a victim, but it depends on the crime’s nature.
People who oppose the idea of capital punishment dispute about the defense of morality. The actions of the humanists truly prolong the prisoners’ pain and expose them to a situation comparable to hell. The opponents think that all civilized nations should abolish this cruel punishment. The human judgment is never as serious as to allow the society to murder a person judged by another one. It is unfair to decide whether somebody should die or live. The Justice Courts are well-known for making errors in trials. Consequently, critics note that it is not reasonable for the accused individual with the least doubt of guilt to be sentenced to capital punishment.
Opponents state that death row is an evil and the harshest method of punishment that violates human rights, particularly the criminal’s right to life, and it does not prevent the homicides. The horror of the execution is aggravated by years of expectations. Sentenced to death prisoners are kept in solitary cells, and interaction with other cellmates is supported at a minimum level. Critics think that death row does not diminish murderers but rather increases the rate of criminal acts. They also consider death row as a morally wrong action. What is more, they claim that it does not restrain felons more than life imprisonment and leads to executions of mistakenly condemned individuals. Moreover, opponents argue that life cessation could be a rational and sufficient substitute.
However, there are many ways when death penalty can bring benefits. Firstly, capital punishment can help to reduce crimes by being a deterrent to potential felons. Anybody who is tempted to commit offense might not commit it immediately since people know that they would be punished; thus, they represent the threat of penalty. Secondly, death row can decrease criminal offenses by making persons who have already committed crimes incapable of committing felonies in the future. By executing criminals, these individuals will be banished from streets. Thus, further offenses that potential felons are going to commit will be avoided. In this way, there will be fewer troubles in the nearest future. Thirdly, the act of death row may provide the families of victims with satisfaction and comfort in some cases. Essentially, the threat and execution of a death penalty not only saves human lives but also forms a social institution where modern generation will no longer live its lives in fear of being murdered.
I am a supporter of capital punishment. Any individual in the modern world has to be responsible for their actions. That is why I suppose that death row is the most efficient tool of punishment. It is important to note that all criminals should be punished to retain protect peace and justice. Since killers are felons, they should be penalized for the criminal offenses they committed. I think that capital punishment is a fair and reasonable method of penalties, and if somebody commits a murder, they have no right to live after they have taken the life of their victims. There is an opportunity to avoid criminal activities if capital punishment is provided. In such a way, it will be more feasible to save the whole world from criminal actions. In reality, death row is not only a better decision for the convicted person, but it is also a positive solution for the family of a victim.
Bedau, Hugo Adam. “The Case against the Death Penalty.” American Civil Liberties Union.
n.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
Gibson, Kyle. “Death Penalty Repeal: It’s Necessary to Use Capital Punishment in a Free World.” Policymic. n.p., 17 June 2013. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.
Murtagh, Kevin. “Punishment.” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. n.p., 24 July 2005.
Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
“Death Penalty Statistics.” NAACP LDF Death Row, USA, Gallup Poll, Bureau of Justice
Statistics. n.p., 5 June 2013. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.